Sunday, September 11, 2016

Monday, August 15, 2016

Oswaldo Mendes, actor & theatre director


Oswaldo Mendes who was born and raised in Marilia moved to São Paulo in the mid-1960s and made himself a brilliant career as an actor and theatre director. Here's his latest work 'Trotski no Exilio' at Casa do Saber as seen by newspaper 'O Estado de S.Paulo' 27 November 2015. 

Wednesday, July 20, 2016

1938 Agricultural Fair - Marilia - April-May

At Marilia's 10th anniversary in April 1938  - there was an Agricultural Fair where the new city's produce could be exhibited to people coming from all over the state. Here's part of a catalogue that was printed in Sao Paulo to be sold at the Fair. Thanks to Wilza Aurora Matos who donated her Grandfather's own copy to Marilia's Historical Records Commission and posted it on Facebook.


Art Deco idealized view of 1a. Exposição de Marília - April 1938.


Texaco filling station on the corner of Avenida Sampaio Vidal with Rua Tamandaré in 1931.
blue print of Texaco gas station at the corner of Avenida and Rua Tamandaré gently supplied by Alfredo Zaia Nogueira. 
Corner of Rua Tamandaré and Avenida Sampaio Vidal some time in the late 1930s. Rua Tamandaré started at this junction growing numerically towards Avenida Santo Antonio. Some time in 1934 they changed Rua Tamandaré and Rua Minas Gerais' names for Rua 9 de Julho



Gymnasio do Sagrdo Coração de Jesus na rua Nelson Spielmann.





Tuesday, June 28, 2016

Cine Juventude Católica - 14 hours - 1951

If I were asked what was the first time ever I went to the picture-show I don't think I would be able to answer it. I've got snaps of imagery of myself falling asleep while watching some black-and-white movie being projected on the silver screen when I was really young - say 5 or 6 years old. 

You see, I was aunt Maria Rosa's youngst nephew and when she wanted to go out to the movies with her latest beau she would ask my Mother (her sister-in-law) to take me along as a 'chaperone'. Maria Rosa was a vivacious young lady who had many suitors by the age of 15 or 16 circa 1954-1955. I would go along to Cine Marilia and 10 minutes after the lights went out I had already fallen asleep. Sometimes I would wake up during the most dramatic parts of a flick when the sound-track would surge and watch snippets of the drama just to fall asleep again until the time to go home. Children suffer a lot. 

A young person didn't have much on the way of entertainment living in a town like Marilia except going to the movies at 7:00 PM (1a. sessão) or 9:00 PM (2a. sessão). Maria Rosa used to go to the 7 o'clock session but as I was used to go to bed early it was too late for me.

Actually, we hardly ever 'chose' a movie to watch. We usually planned to 'go to the movies' either during the day (matinee) or evening (soiree) and watch whatever they were playing - comedy, drama, war-movie, western, adventure, musical, Italian, French, Mexican, German, American, British or Brazilian movies. Sometimes we had already passed by Cine Marilia marquee, saw the lobby-cards and decided on a determined flick but most of the times we just 'went out to the movies' regardless of what was showing.

Many a time we got to the cinema and realized the movie was 'proibido' (forbidden) and we could not get in. Then we either tried the other cinema (Cine São Luiz on Rua 9 de Julho) or went back home and read a comic-book or listened to the radio as there was no TV then at the Alta Paulista region.

Brazilian authorities rated movies differently from the USA. There was not such a thing as a PG (Parental Guidance suggested). Movies were rated as to subject matter and children under a certain age - 10, 14, 16 and 18 - were not allowed to get admitted into the cinema not even accompanied by their parents.

I remember a few instances when I felt really bad in the movies. One time was watching 1956's 'Moby Dick'. I don't know who took me to watch such a terrible movie. Slaughtering of whales is not exactly what you could call children's fun. I was 7 or 8 years old then.

There was another instance of horror I remember witnessing at a night session at Cine Marilia. We were watching a black-and-white war movie. There were airplanes fighting each other and at some point blood started gushing out of the pilot's ears. I don't know why but that brought such a dread in me I can still remember it more than 60 years later.

Then there was this time I went to Cine Juventude Catolica,  with my older brother Fernando. Cine Juventude Catolica was a small cinema compared to Cine Marilia or Cine Sao Luiz. It was located on on Rua Sergipe, 245, a side-street running transversal to Catedral São Bento. It was irregular in its programming - not having daily screenings and not even opening on Sundays - maybe due to the fact that it was owned by the Catholic Church and wasn't supposed to be in real competition with the others. Movies shown there were also older than the average.

I don't know whose idea it was to go and watch 1951's 'Fourteen Hours' (Horas intermináveis) at the 7 o'clock session. Even though '14 Hours' had been released in the USA in March 1951, we must have watched in 1959 when I was 10 years old. You may have noticed that even the US movie poster clearly states: 'Not suitable for children'.

Well, little did I know I was in for some very disturbing moments watching a man trying to kill himself by jumping off a high New York skyscraper. Jee, the movie dragged along... there was no movement, no adventure, only talk-talk-talk... and the constant threat of his jumping off. The only thing I can remember was the anguish - agony - torment - affliction I went through watching such a tragedy. I don't even remember if we stayed until the end or if we left the cinema before the end.

Those scenes never left my mind. Soon I forgot the movie title and for years - after I grew up - I thought wrongly the movie was called 'Zero Hour' and would search for it by that title - never reaching my goal. Only about a couple of years ago - 2013 - I happened to be at a meeting of old men who congragate weekly to swap collector's items like vinyl records, DVDs etc. and a man called Fausto Menito was giving away some DVDs he had extra copies and I finally realized the name of the film I had been searching for so long was '14 Hours'.

Here is an excerpt The New York Times published about '14 Hours' on 7 March 1951: 

New Yorkers who vividly remember the case of the man on the ledge - the poor chap who lodged himself grimly on a high cornice of a local hotel one summer day back in 1938 and stood there teetering while rescuers laboured and the city held its breath - will tautly relive that curious drama in Twenty Century-Fox's 'Fourteen Hours'.  And likewise, those who have no memory of that or any similar case will find gripping suspense, absorbing drama and stinging social comment in this film... Fitly directed by Heny Hathaway in a crisp journalistic style to the hilt down to its 'bit' parts, it makes a show of accelerating power... In the role of the 'jumper', Richard Basehart does a startling and poignant job within the limitations of one square foot of acting space.

But Paul Douglas, with room to move around in, takes the honours as the good-natured cop who finds all his modest resources of intelligence and patience taxed by this queer case. Howard Da Silva is also excellent as a methodical, hard-headed deputy chief-inspector of police, and Agnes Moorehead is brilliantly effective as the neurotic mother of the man on the ledge. Robert Keith as the father, Barbar Bel Geddes as the sweetheart and Martin Gabel as a psychiatrist are just a few of the many others who bring personality and credibility to this superior American film.'

Richard Basehart plays the 'looney'.
Richard as Robert Cosik.
Paul Douglas plays Charlie Dunnigan, the good cop. 
Howard da Silva plays deputy-chief Moskar, the bad cop.
Cosik getting more desperate by the minute. 




Jeffrey Hunter & Debra Paget had bit parts in '14 Hours'; Grace Kelly had her first ever exposutre on a Hollywood film too. 


Monday, May 23, 2016

Provincia de São Paulo 1888


4 April 1929


4 April 1929 

Emancipação do município de Marilia

7 June 2015

written by Rosalina Tanuri

O artigo desta semana, do historiador Paulo Lara fala sobre a data da emancipação do município e dos fatos que se relacionam a mesma.
Criado o distrito de Paz pela Lei n° 2.161, de 1926, este não incluía as terras do Distrito Policial de Alto Cafezal, embora o grande desenvolvimento daquele Patrimônio, acompanhado do Patrimônio de Marília, na época constituía a localidade em maior desenvolvimento em todo o território nacional, não só pelo progresso da cidade, como especialmente pela enormidade de sua lavoura cafeeira.
A criação do município tornou-se imediatamente uma imposição, motivando Bento de Abreu Sampaio Vidal a apresentar à Assembleia Legislativa projeto para tal. O projeto demorou dois anos para se efetivar, devido à morosidade das resoluções legislativas, se efetivando em 24 de dezembro em 1928. Esta data motivou a mudança “a posteri”, da denominação da Rua Floriano Peixoto, para rua 24 de Dezembro. Mas a instalação do Município se daria depois das eleições para prefeito e vereadores, o que se verificou então em 4 de abril de 1929, para tal, para Marília se locomoveu o Juiz de Direito da Comarca de Piratininga, a qual Marília pertencia.
A Câmara Municipal e Prefeitura se instalaram num prédio de tábuas, à Rua Benjamin Motta. Esse prédio não mais existe. Foi demolido e no local construído outro de tijolos que abrigou em 1933 o Cartório de Registro de Imóveis, a cargo do tabelião Edgard da Silva Lima. Depois foi adquirido pela Associação Comercial de Marília, e na gestão de Miguel Granito Neto, demolido e construído outro de propriedade da Associação Comercial e Industrial de Marília, que hoje encontra-se localizada à Rua 24 de Dezembro, 678.
Mas voltando à instalação - o prédio de tábuas era propriedade do Major Eliziário de Camargo Barbosa, residente em Viradouro. Ele foi também o primeiro comprador das terras, onde José Pereira da Silva criara o Patrimônio Alto Cafezal.
Instalando o município, no dia 4 de abril, a Câmara elegeu entre os vereadores Dr. Luiz Rodolfo Miranda, Eng° João Batista Meiler, Dr. Paulo de Abreu Sampaio Vidal, farmacêutico Benedito Roza de Lima e Costa, Eng° Durval de Menezes, e cel. José da Silva Nogueira, Eng° Durval de Menezes para prefeito e o Engº João Batista Meiller para vice-prefeito.
Desejando eternizar a data de instalação, a Edilidade, logo determinou a mudança do nome da rua Benjamin Motta, onde a mesma se instalava, para Quatro de Abril. O nome Benjamin Motta desapareceu. Ninguém dele se recorda ou menciona. Mas ao historiador necessita esclarecer o porque de sua existência em denominação de rua, naqueles remotos tempos. Benjamin Motta é o nome do advogado que auxiliou José Pereira da Silva na expulsão de jagunços que invadiram o Patrimônio Alto Cafezal.
Em entrevista à Comissão de Registros Históricos da Câmara Municipal e da Cidade de Marília, em 1984, os senhores Eloy Alves da Silva, com mais de 94 anos, ainda viu os últimos remanescentes dos primitivos moradores, então do patrimônio Alto Cafezal fundado em 1923 e Ruy de Souza Nunes, este antigo oficial de justiça já falecido, afirmaram em depoimento: ..."o povoado foi no seu início invadido por bandoleiros a mando de um proprietário de Jaú, que constava o título de outro proprietário residente no Rio de Janeiro. Defendia o dono do Patrimônio José Pereira da Silva, Antônio Nunes, encarregado de venda dos lotes, seus filhos Ruy e Sadi, seu cunhado Manoel Alves Sobrinho e seu genro, Eloy Alves Sobrinho. Às tantas os atacantes afirmaram que se retiravam, mas não pleiteando a posse das terras. Isto motivou o abandono da defesa, que depois foi surpreendida e desarmada pelos invasores, que o obrigou o retorno a Cafelândia à pé pelo picadão existente. Tomando conhecimento do esbulho, José Pereira da Silva apelou a um amigo seu em São Paulo, o solicitador Benjamin Motta e, este, entrou em contato com a escolta de capturas que naqueles tempos percorria o Estado, prendendo ladrões de animais. Esta veio ao Alto Cafezal e expulsou os invasores, voltando a terras a posse de José Pereira da Silva, e regressando ao mesmo Antonio Nunes e seus familiares.”  Em agradecimento a Benjamin Motta, José Pereira da Silva deu a uma das ruas do Patrimônio seu nome, porém a denominação foi alterada para Quatro de Abril, nesta mesma data, em que ocorreu a instalação do município de Marília.

Friday, May 6, 2016

Capela de Santo Antonio

Santo Antonio Chapel 1924-1928 (?)
Santo Antonio Chapel enlarged circa 1936.